Huntington, West Virginia - Facts & Figures
A historic and bustling city of commerce and heavy industry, Huntington has long flourished due to its ideal location on the Ohio River at the mouth of the Guyandotte River. It is home to the Port of Huntington Tri-state, the busiest inland port in the United States. Surrounded by extensive natural resources, the industrial sector is based in coal, oil, chemicals, and steel all of which support Huntington's diversified economy. The city is a vital rail-to-river transfer point for the marine transportation industry. Also, it is considered a scenic locale in the western foothills of the Appalachian Mountains.
This location was selected by Collis Potter Huntington as ideal for the western terminus of the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway, the predecessor of what would become CSX Transportation. The railroad founded Huntington as one of the nation's first planned communities to facilitate the railroad and other transportation-related industries at the railway's western terminus. Developing fast after the railroad's completion in 1871, the site was previously a collection of agricultural homesteads, and is eponymously named for the railroad company's founder Collis Potter Huntington. The first identifiable permanent settlement, Holderby's Landing, was founded in 1775 in the Colony of Virginia, although the site had been sparsely settled by the French as early as 1609.
With the exception of the neighborhoods of Westmoreland and Spring Valley, most of the city is in Cabell County. As of the 2010 census, the metropolitan area is the largest in West Virginia. It spans 7 counties across 3 states, with a population of 365,419. Huntington is the second-largest city in West Virginia. The city is the home of Marshall University as well as the Huntington Museum of Art; the Big Sandy Superstore Arena; the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Huntington District); the Collis P. Huntington Historical Society and Railroad Museum; Camden Park, one of the world's oldest amusement parks; the headquarters of the CSX Transportation-Huntington Division, the largest division in the CSX network; the Special Metals Plant; and the Port of Huntington Tri-State, the largest river port in the United States. The largest employers are Marshall University, Cabell Huntington Hospital, St. Mary’s Medical Center, CSX Transportation, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Amazon, DirecTV, and the City of Huntington. The 2006 motion picture "We Are Marshall" and the 2010 ABC series "Jamie Oliver's Food Revolution" was filmed in Huntington.
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- Population: 48,113
- Industries: Manufacturing
- Area Codes: 304, 681
- ZIP Codes: 25701-25729, 25755, 25770-25779, 25704
- Surrounding Cities: Ashland, KY , Ironton, OH , Saint Albans, WV , Portsmouth, OH